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Curriculum for Artists & Educators

Now everyone can learn to draw!

1.1Getting Started with Drawing (Brenda Hoddinott)

Fundamental information for beginners to drawing including: articles on choosing supplies, setting up a studio, holding drawing mediums correctly, and becoming more productive by employing helpful techniques and methodologies


» Most files in this topic are included in a paperback book or as a printable E-book (PDF)

14 Resources

Free 1.1.R1 Glossary Of Art Terms
Definitions of art-related terms used in the resources and activities of Drawspace Curriculum (updated February 2013)

Reference #1.1.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-14-4
Contents16 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 51.2
Grade Level: 10.5

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1.1.R2 Travelling Back in Time with Graphite
A few fun tidbits of information about the history of graphite

Reference #1.1.R2
ISBN #978-0-9813662-7-2
Contents4 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.5
Grade Level: 9.5

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1.1.R3 Examining Graphite and Grades
Understanding the differences between H and B grades of graphite

Reference #1.1.R3
ISBN #978-0-9813662-8-9
Contents3 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 74.9
Grade Level: 6.3

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1.1.R4 Seeing Grades in Drawings
Graphite drawings demonstrate the visual qualities of H and B grades of pencils

Reference #1.1.R4
ISBN #978-0-9878229-0-1
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63
Grade Level: 9.8

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1.1.R5 Picking out Graphite Pencils
How to select the right graphite pencils for learning how to draw

Reference #1.1.R5
ISBN #978-0-9878229-4-9
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.4
Grade Level: 8.9

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1.1.R6 Sketchbooks and Drawing Papers
Choosing the right size, quality, and weight of drawing paper

Reference #1.1.R6
ISBN #978-0-9878229-1-8
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.1
Grade Level: 8.9

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1.1.R7 Check Up on the Tooth of Papers
How a paper’s tooth affects the appearance of graphite drawings

Reference #1.1.R7
ISBN #978-1-927365-09-0
Contents6 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.2
Grade Level: 9.6

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1.1.R8 Tools for Sharpening and Erasing
The best sharpeners and erasers for artists who draw

Reference #1.1.R8
ISBN #978-1-927365-10-6
Contents4 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.4
Grade Level: 8.8

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1.1.R9 Checking Out Charcoal
Discover the versatility of charcoal by examining the marks it makes in various applications

Reference #1.1.R9
ISBN #978-1-927365-68-7
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.5
Grade Level: 7.9

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Free 1.1.R10 Setting up a Creative Space
A few ideas and tips for putting together an at-home art studio

Reference #1.1.R10
ISBN #978-0-9878229-8-7
Contents3 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.6
Grade Level: 7.3

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1.1.R11 Putting Together a Portable Studio
Practical supplies to bring along when you take your love of drawing outside

Reference #1.1.R11
ISBN #978-0-9878229-9-4
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.9
Grade Level: 6.8

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Free 1.1.R12 Good Posture First!
How to sit properly and comfortably when you draw

Reference #1.1.R12
ISBN #978-0-9878229-3-2
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.1
Grade Level: 8

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1.1.R13 Protecting Your Wrist and Hand
How to properly hold drawing mediums to prevent discomfort and injury

Reference #1.1.R13
ISBN #978-0-9878229-5-6
Contents3 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55.5
Grade Level: 11.4

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1.1.R14 Examining Diagonal Lines of Masters
Compare drawings to identify the natural hand movements of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo

Reference #1.1.R14
ISBN #978-1-927365-12-0
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 49.1
Grade Level: 10.6

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5 Activities

Free 1.1.A1 Make a Storage Portfolio
Make a portfolio folder for the storage of drawing papers and two-dimensional artworks

Reference #1.1.A1
ISBN #978-0-9813662-9-6
Contents5 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.2
Grade Level: 6.3

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1.1.A2 Play With Five Grades of Graphite
Use the base values of five different grades of pencils to add shading to nine simple line drawings

Reference #1.1.A2
ISBN #978-1-927365-08-3
Contents3 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.7
Grade Level: 8

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Free 1.1.A3 Sketch a Self-Portrait
Document your current drawing skills by sketching yourself

Reference #1.1.A3
ISBN #978-0-9878229-7-0
Contents1 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.4
Grade Level: 7.3

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1.1.A4 Play with Kneaded and Vinyl Erasers
Experiment with two different types of erasers as drawing tools

Reference #1.1.A4
ISBN #978-1-927365-66-3
Contents2 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.4
Grade Level: 7.9

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Free 1.1.A5 Find Your Natural Hand Movements
Discover your natural hand movements for drawing straight and curved lines

Reference #1.1.A5
ISBN #978-1-927365-15-1
Contents3 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.2
Grade Level: 10.4

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1.2Drawing Tips, Styles, and Secrets (Brenda Hoddinott)

In addition to a broad range of drawing tips and techniques to help make your drawing journey more pleasurable, you also discover new directions in which stronger drawing skills can take you.

5 Resources

1.2.R1 Illustrative and Traditional Realism
Examine drawings to compare the techniques used for rendering two substyles of realism

Reference #1.2.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-26-7
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.6
Grade Level: 10.6

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Free 1.2.R2 Understanding Talent
Insights into myths about art and artists

Reference #1.2.R2
ISBN #978-1-77193-028-4
Contents12 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 47.3
Grade Level: 10.4

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1.2.R3 How to Rotate Your Paper as you Draw
Improve your drawing skills by rotating your paper to use your natural hand movement

Reference #1.2.R3
ISBN #978-1-927365-01-4
Contents2 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.6
Grade Level: 7.1

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1.2.R4 185 Terrific Tips for Artists
A broad range of tips to help prevent common mistakes and make your drawing journey more pleasurable

Reference #1.2.R4
ISBN #978-1-77193-066-6
Contents24 pages & 32 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.5
Grade Level: 9.8

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1.2.R6 Where Realism and Fantasy Meet
Bringing a realistic subject into the realm of fun and fantasy

Reference #1.2.R6
ISBN #978-0-9878229-6-3
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69
Grade Level: 7.1

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3 Activities

Free 1.2.A1 Buy the Right Drawing Supplies
The short list of essential supplies to get your drawing journey off to a great start

Reference #1.2.A1
ISBN #978-1-77193-026-0
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.1
Grade Level: 8

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1.2.A3 Shortcut for Drawing with Symmetry
A simple ten-step process for quickly and accurately outlining symmetrical drawing subjects

Reference #1.2.A3
ISBN #978-1-927539-98-9
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.3
Grade Level: 8.7

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1.2.A5 Transfer an Image to Drawing Paper
A three-step process for transferring the outlines of a drawing or a photograph to a new sheet of drawing paper

Reference #1.2.A5
ISBN #978-1-927365-80-9
Contents6 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.6
Grade Level: 8.4

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1.3Drawing from Line to Life: Beginner (Mike Sibley)

Drawing lessons for the beginner artist based on the book "Drawing from Line to Life" by Mike Sibley, who shares his artistic expertise and over 30 years of experience as a professional artist and graphite pencil specialist.

4 Resources

1.3.R2 Creating Powerful Gradations!
How to achieve dense blacks, vary the lengths of shading lines, layer values, and burnish and blend gradations

Reference #1.3.R2
ISBN #978-1-77193-074-1
Contents8 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.1
Grade Level: 9.4

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1.3.R1 Welcome to Drawing from Line to Life
Exploring the process of creating art, choosing drawing supplies, and preparing your pencils for drawing

Reference #1.3.R1
ISBN #978-1-77193-064-2
Contents6 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.2
Grade Level: 8.7

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1.3.R1 Welcome to Drawing from Line to Life
Exploring the process of creating art, choosing drawing supplies, and preparing your pencils for drawing

Reference #1.3.R1
ISBN #978-1-77193-064-2
Contents6 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.2
Grade Level: 8.7

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1.3.R2 Creating Powerful Gradations!
How to achieve dense blacks, vary the lengths of shading lines, layer values, and burnish and blend gradations

Reference #1.3.R2
ISBN #978-1-77193-074-1
Contents8 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.1
Grade Level: 9.4

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5 Activities

1.3.A1 Take Your Pencils for a Test Drive
Four exercises designed to demonstrate the tones created by different grades of pencils and to document your current drawing skills

Reference #1.3.A1
ISBN #978-1-77193-071-0
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.3
Grade Level: 8.1

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1.3.A2 Blend and Burnish Gradations
Create smoothly-rendered gradations by employing several shading techniques including blending, burnishing, and layering

Reference #1.3.A2
ISBN #978-1-77193-088-8
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58
Grade Level: 9.6

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New 1.3.A3 Shade a Lovely Lily
Use blended shading and various grades of pencils to transform a line drawing into a three-dimensional, realistic flower

Reference #1.3.A3
ISBN #978-1-77193-089-5
Contents4 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.5
Grade Level: 5.6

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New 1.3.A4 Shade Values with Lines
Use hatching and crosshatching lines to produce a variety of tones

Reference #1.3.A4
ISBN #978-1-77193-091-8
Contents4 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.9
Grade Level: 7.4

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New 1.3.A6 Shade and Blend a House Model
Use a combination of shading techniques to transform a line drawing into a three-dimensional building

Reference #1.3.A6
ISBN #978-1-77193-094-9
Contents4 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.6
Grade Level: 7.7

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Module 2: Contour Drawing

2.1Introduction to Contour Drawing

Contour lines serve as the foundation for constructing diverse types of artworks, and are the base on which all drawing styles and techniques are built. Contour drawing abilities are beneficial for whatever future artistic goals students may have.


» Most files in this topic are included in a paperback book or as a printable E-book (PDF)

13 Resources

Free 2.1.R1 Checking Out Contour Lines
An overview of contour lines as preliminary sketches and final drawings in various types of artworks

Reference #2.1.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-45-8
Contents11 pages & 24 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.8
Grade Level: 10.1

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Free 2.1.R2 Drawing with Feathered and Continuous Lines
Techniques for rendering two types of lines used in classical and contemporary drawing

Reference #2.1.R2
ISBN #978-1-927365-00-7
Contents5 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.2
Grade Level: 7.7

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2.1.R3 Practicing Skills within Guidelines
How to set up and use sets of parallel lines to practice seeing and drawing lines and shapes

Reference #2.1.R3
ISBN #978-1-927365-47-2
Contents5 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60
Grade Level: 8.4

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2.1.R4 Identifying Straight Lines
Find and examine straight and angle lines in drawings and in your surroundings

Reference #2.1.R4
ISBN #978-1-927365-02-1
Contents7 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.9
Grade Level: 8.3

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2.1.R5 Contouring From Traditional to Digital
A peek into the graphic designers’ world of turning traditional contour sketches on paper into professional digital artworks

Reference #2.1.R5
ISBN #978-1-927365-46-5
Contents6 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 44.8
Grade Level: 11.1

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2.1.R6 Identifying Curved Lines
Find and examine single and compound curved lines in drawings and in your surroundings

Reference #2.1.R6
ISBN #978-1-927365-48-9
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.1
Grade Level: 7.6

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2.1.R7 Sizing Up the Proportions of a Shape
Advance your abilities to see as an artist by visually analyzing a straight-sided shape to uncover clues for drawing it accurately without a ruler

Reference #2.1.R7
ISBN #978-1-927365-51-9
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67
Grade Level: 7.6

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2.1.R8 How to Render Contour Drawings
The process of using feathered and continuous lines to draw diverse shapes to create contour drawings

Reference #2.1.R8
ISBN #978-1-927365-83-0
Contents5 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.4
Grade Level: 8.1

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2.1.R9 Sizing Up a Drawing Subject
Advance your abilities to see as an artist by visually analyzing a drawing subject and uncovering 18 clues for drawing it accurately

Reference #2.1.R9
ISBN #978-1-927539-05-7
Contents6 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60
Grade Level: 9.2

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Free 2.1.R10 Capturing Your World in a Sketchbook
Employing the language of sketching to improve your drawing skills and document your formative years of artistic development

Reference #2.1.R10
ISBN #978-1-927539-06-4
Contents12 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.6
Grade Level: 8.8

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2.1.R11 How to Sketch Figures from Life
A heavily illustrated discussion on diverse aspects of rendering contour drawings of clothed and unclothed people (caution: nudity)

Reference #2.1.R11
ISBN #978-1-927539-08-8
Contents12 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.2
Grade Level: 9.1

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2.1.R12 How to Draw a Human Hand
Examine the proportional structures of hands, as well as guidelines that can be used to draw a well-proportioned frontal view of a hand

Reference #2.1.R12
ISBN #978-1-927365-98-4
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.8
Grade Level: 9

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2.1.R13 How to Contour Long and Short Fur
Insights into the techniques artists use for outlining realistic short and long fur when drawing animals

Reference #2.1.R13
ISBN #978-1-927365-95-3
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.2
Grade Level: 7.9

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29 Activities

Free 2.1.A1 Draw from One Point to Another
Use your natural hand movement to draw sets of continuous straight lines

Reference #2.1.A1
ISBN #978-1-927365-03-8
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.5
Grade Level: 5.9

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2.1.A2 Draw Lines that Meet at an Angle
Use your natural hand movement to draw continuous angle lines

Reference #2.1.A2
ISBN #978-1-927365-04-5
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.9
Grade Level: 5.4

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Free 2.1.A3 Draw Horizontal and Vertical Lines
Accurately copy horizontal and vertical lines within guidelines by using continuous lines and your natural hand movement

Reference #2.1.A3
ISBN #978-1-927365-05-2
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.9
Grade Level: 7.7

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2.1.A4 Draw Diagonal Lines
Accurately copy diagonal lines within guidelines by using continuous lines and your natural hand movement

Reference #2.1.A4
ISBN #978-1-927365-07-6
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.9
Grade Level: 7.2

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2.1.A5 Blind Contour Drawing
Enhance your observation skills by drawing objects without looking at your paper

Reference #2.1.A5
ISBN #978-1-927365-13-7
Contents3 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.3
Grade Level: 7.1

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2.1.A6 Draw Simple and Compound Curved Lines
Use continuous lines to practice drawing curved and compound curved lines, spiral lines, and sets of curved lines

Reference #2.1.A6
ISBN #978-1-927365-49-6
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 79.2
Grade Level: 4.7

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2.1.A7 Draw Shapes with a Long Curved Line
Have fun drawing one very long, compound curved line and identifying some shapes created by the line

Reference #2.1.A7
ISBN #978-1-927365-50-2
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 78.8
Grade Level: 5.2

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2.1.A8 Draw Lines Inside Squares
Three worksheets are designed help you improve your skills with drawing lines, and identifying and rendering accurate proportions

Reference #2.1.A8
ISBN #978-1-927365-84-7
Contents5 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 74.9
Grade Level: 5.7

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Free 2.1.A9 Draw Shapes Inside Squares
Strengthen your skills for rendering accurate proportions by completing four worksheets in which you draw diverse lines and shapes inside squares

Reference #2.1.A9
ISBN #978-1-927365-85-4
Contents6 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 73.6
Grade Level: 6.4

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2.1.A11 Draw Shapes with Perpendicular Lines
Use guidelines to practice drawing the accurately proportioned shapes of letters by visually comparing vertical and horizontal distances

Reference #2.1.A11
ISBN #978-1-927365-52-6
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.3
Grade Level: 8.6

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2.1.A12 Draw a Circle Freehand
Use your natural hand movement and rotate your paper to outline a circle inside a square

Reference #2.1.A12
ISBN #978-1-927365-81-6
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.4
Grade Level: 7.7

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2.1.A13 Shape Up Straight Lines
Use guidelines to help you accurately sketch the proportions of straight-sided shapes and objects and then neatly outline their contours with continuous lines

Reference #2.1.A13
ISBN #978-1-927365-86-1
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.8
Grade Level: 8.8

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Free 2.1.A14 Create Six Contour Drawings
Use a simple step-by-step process and curved feathered and continuous lines to accurately render six different contour drawings

Reference #2.1.A14
ISBN #978-1-927365-87-8
Contents7 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.9
Grade Level: 6.3

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2.1.A15 Draw a Caveperson
Use the same proportions as in the reference images to draw a human figure that looks like a prehistoric cave drawing

Reference #2.1.A15
ISBN #978-1-927365-82-3
Contents3 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 77.2
Grade Level: 5.9

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2.1.A16 Line Up Shapes and Lines
Use guidelines to accurately render thirteen mini-projects with vertical, horizontal, and diagonal lines, straight-sided shapes, and sets of straight hatching lines

Reference #2.1.A16
ISBN #978-1-927365-92-2
Contents4 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.3
Grade Level: 8.2

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Free 2.1.A17 Draw Keiko, a Manga Baby
Sketch accurate proportions and then use a 4B pencil, fine tip marker, or a computer software program (such as Photoshop) to outline a cartoon baby

Reference #2.1.A17
ISBN #978-1-927365-88-5
Contents10 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.3
Grade Level: 8.4

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2.1.A18 Draw Kasumi, a Manga Girl
Sketch a cartoon girl’s face based on proportional guidelines used to draw a human child and then create a final contour drawing with one of three mediums

Reference #2.1.A18
ISBN #978-1-927365-90-8
Contents11 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.9
Grade Level: 7.8

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2.1.A19 Draw Kensuke, a Manga Boy
Set up intricate proportional guidelines to draw a male manga character named Kensuke and then add shading with hatching lines

Reference #2.1.A19
ISBN #978-1-927365-91-5
Contents10 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.1
Grade Level: 7.3

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2.1.A20 Sketch a Simple Scene
Sketch diverse shapes in a landscape, such as hills, a lake, and trees, by first rendering proportions and then outlining additional details

Reference #2.1.A20
ISBN #978-1-927365-96-0
Contents6 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.6
Grade Level: 7.7

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Free 2.1.A21 Sketch a Still Life Object
Use the process of sketching proportions, outlining contours, and then adding shading to draw an object from life and/or to draw a mug by following along with step-by-step illustrated instructions

Reference #2.1.A21
ISBN #978-1-927365-97-7
Contents6 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.8
Grade Level: 6.9

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2.1.A22 Use a Manikin to Sketch a Figure
Create a contour sketch of a human figure using a wooden manikin as a model to establish proportions (caution: partial nudity)

Reference #2.1.A22
ISBN #978-1-927539-02-6
Contents10 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.6
Grade Level: 7.5

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2.1.A23 Draw Your Hand Proportionately Correct
Use guidelines and illustrated instructions to render an accurately proportioned drawing of your own hand

Reference #2.1.A23
ISBN #978-1-927539-03-3
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.6
Grade Level: 8.7

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2.1.A24 Sketch Figures from Life
Try your hand at sketching clothed and unclothed people from life—from setting up to completing detailed sketches

Reference #2.1.A24
ISBN #978-1-927539-09-5
Contents4 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71
Grade Level: 6.7

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2.1.A25 Draw a Cartoon Merbaby
This heavily illustrated activity challenges you to rely primarily on your visual skills as you create a detailed contour drawing of a baby mermaid

Reference #2.1.A25
ISBN #978-1-927365-94-6
Contents10 pages & 30 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.7
Grade Level: 7.6

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2.1.A26 Draw a Cartoon Alligator
Sketch the proportions of an alligator with pencils and draw the final outlines with your choice of a pencil, a black marker, or computer software

Reference #2.1.A26
ISBN #978-1-927539-04-0
Contents8 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.2
Grade Level: 8

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2.1.A27 Outline Fur Around Contours
Sketch twelve curved lines and use them as guides to render six long and six short furry outlines that follow their contours

Reference #2.1.A27
ISBN #978-1-927539-00-2
Contents6 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 80.9
Grade Level: 5.1

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2.1.A28 Contour Kayla Koala Notabear
Combine four different contour drawing techniques to render a cartoon drawing of a marsupial with shiny eyes, a furry face, and fluffy ears

Reference #2.1.A28
ISBN #978-1-927365-93-9
Contents11 pages & 24 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.7
Grade Level: 7.2

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2.1.A29 Contour Furry Fluppy Puppy
Sketch the proportions of a cartoon puppy with a line of symmetry and then develop and use a shading map to add values with hatching lines

Reference #2.1.A29
ISBN #978-1-927539-01-9
Contents10 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.7
Grade Level: 7.9

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2.1.A30 Draw Spot the Frog
Sketch the proportions of a cartoon frog with a line of symmetry and then outline the contours of his body and spots

Reference #2.1.A30
ISBN #978-1-927539-07-1
Contents10 pages & 21 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.3
Grade Level: 6.6

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2.2Drawing on Your Brain

Exercise your brain while learning how to draw! Insightful resources and activities to enhance visual intelligence and strengthen whole-brain functions.


» Most files in this topic are included in a paperback book or as a printable E-book (PDF)

15 Resources

2.2.R1 Exploring the Space Between Your Ears
An introduction to the physical components of the skull and brain

Reference #2.2.R1
ISBN #978-1-927539-17-0
Contents6 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.5
Grade Level: 10.6

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2.2.R2 Drawing on Both Sides of Your Brain
An introduction to how your brain works with a focus on hemispheric functionality and creativity

Reference #2.2.R2
ISBN #978-1-927539-37-8
Contents10 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 36.1
Grade Level: 13.7

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2.2.R3 Enhancing Your Visual Intelligence
Insights into how your vision and brain work together and suggestions for strengthening your visual intelligence

Reference #2.2.R3
ISBN #978-1-927539-41-5
Contents6 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 44
Grade Level: 11.5

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2.2.R4 Horizontal and Vertical Comparisons
The art of horizontal and vertical comparisons enables you to find clues for accurately rendering a broad range of drawing subjects

Reference #2.2.R4
ISBN #978-1-927539-46-0
Contents12 pages & 33 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.6
Grade Level: 10.4

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2.2.R5 Checking Out Drawing Spaces
Examining various critters inside different drawing spaces provides you with insights into choosing the right drawing space for your own drawing subjects

Reference #2.2.R5
ISBN #978-1-927365-34-2
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.5
Grade Level: 8.6

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2.2.R6 How to Outline Drawing Spaces
The art of using your analytical brain functions to set up drawing spaces that help you render accurate proportions

Reference #2.2.R6
ISBN #978-1-927365-35-9
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.3
Grade Level: 8.5

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2.2.R7 Plotting and Dotting in a Drawing Space
The process of accurately rendering a subject within a drawing space using vertical and horizontal comparisons

Reference #2.2.R7
ISBN #978-1-927539-15-6
Contents8 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.1
Grade Level: 8.6

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Free 2.2.R8 Identifying Shapes in Subjects
The process of visually breaking down complex subjects into simple shapes for sketching

Reference #2.2.R8
ISBN #978-1-927539-18-7
Contents8 pages & 29 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.9
Grade Level: 8.8

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2.2.R9 Exploring Positive and Negative Spaces
A basic understanding of the process of identifying positive and negative spaces to help you draw accurately

Reference #2.2.R9
ISBN #978-1-927539-20-0
Contents6 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.8
Grade Level: 7.6

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2.2.R10 OK – What's With the Pencil?
The answer to the age-old question: why artists hold up pencils in front of what they're drawing

Reference #2.2.R10
ISBN #978-1-927539-50-7
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59
Grade Level: 9.8

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2.2.R11 Translating a Scene into Spaces
How to break down the foreground, middle ground, and background of a landscape into positive and negative spaces

Reference #2.2.R11
ISBN #978-1-927539-13-2
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.6
Grade Level: 8.4

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2.2.R12 Gridding to Sketch Proportions
Investigating the history of grids and discovering how different types of grids help create proportionately correct drawings

Reference #2.2.R12
ISBN #978-1-927539-22-4
Contents8 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.5
Grade Level: 8.6

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2.2.R13 Setting Up to Draw with a Grid
How to plan a drawing based on a print image, render a grid on the image, and then outline a corresponding grid on drawing paper

Reference #2.2.R13
ISBN #978-1-927539-34-7
Contents10 pages & 21 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.8
Grade Level: 8.4

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2.2.R15 Drawing on Your Memory
Techniques for seeing and remembering potential subjects so you can translate your memories into drawings

Reference #2.2.R15
ISBN #978-1-927539-43-9
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 46.5
Grade Level: 11

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2.2.R16 Turning Plotted Dots Into a Drawing
How to render a proportionately accurate contour drawing by referring to points of reference on an image

Reference #2.2.R16
ISBN #978-1-927539-55-2
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.1
Grade Level: 8.8

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28 Activities

2.2.A1 Turn a Doodle into Contour Drawings
Enhance your visual intelligence by examining a randomly rendered doodle to identify shapes that resemble objects or living beings, and then transform each into a contour drawing

Reference #2.2.A1
ISBN #978-1-927365-22-9
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 75.2
Grade Level: 6.3

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2.2.A2 Draw with Simple Symmetry
Draw symmetrical curved and straight lines on each side of a line of symmetry

Reference #2.2.A2
ISBN #978-1-927365-18-2
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.1
Grade Level: 8.2

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2.2.A3 Ready! Set! Go Draw! (Worksheets)
Enhance your ability to see as an artist by accurately rendering diverse lines and shapes inside squares

Reference #2.2.A3
ISBN #978-1-927539-36-1
Contents4 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59
Grade Level: 9.3

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2.2.A4 Draw Two Faces and a Vase
Follow along with step-by-step illustrated instructions to create an optical illusion

Reference #2.2.A4
ISBN #978-1-927365-21-2
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.9
Grade Level: 7.8

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2.2.A5 Outline a Duck by Identifying Visual Clues
Draw a proportionately accurate duck-shaped candle by examining shapes and visually measuring spaces

Reference #2.2.A5
ISBN #978-1-927539-40-8
Contents6 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63
Grade Level: 7.9

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2.2.A6 Draw with Simple Symmetry (Worksheets)
Enhance your visual intelligence by drawing the second half of 36 symmetrical designs in the rectangles provided

Reference #2.2.A6
ISBN #978-1-927539-38-5
Contents4 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.7
Grade Level: 9.3

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2.2.A7 Draw with Lines, Spaces, and Shapes (Worksheets)
Strengthen your visual intelligence by comparing all parts of each subject to one another to render accurately proportioned designs

Reference #2.2.A7
ISBN #978-1-927539-26-2
Contents6 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.7
Grade Level: 8.5

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2.2.A8 Contour Cuddles the Cow
Examine step-by-step illustrations to help you render a contour drawing of a cartoon cow using pencils, markers, or computer software

Reference #2.2.A8
ISBN #978-1-927539-25-5
Contents8 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 51.9
Grade Level: 9.9

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Free 2.2.A9 Draw Linus Upside Down
Use a line of symmetry to render a proportionately correct sketch of a cartoon

Reference #2.2.A9
ISBN #978-1-927539-11-8
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.2
Grade Level: 7

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2.2.A10 Draw Grendel Gremlin Sideways
Use a horizontal line of symmetry with the cartoon subject turned sideways to render an in-proportion contour drawing

Reference #2.2.A10
ISBN #978-1-927539-12-5
Contents6 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.7
Grade Level: 7.3

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2.2.A11 Draw the Negative Space of Chairs
Create two negative space drawings of chairs: one from a photo reference and the other from life

Reference #2.2.A11
ISBN #978-1-927539-14-9
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 73.6
Grade Level: 6.5

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2.2.A12 Contour Negative Spaces
Accurately outline ten shapes by referring to their negative space and use your artistic license to turn each shape into a drawing from your imagination

Reference #2.2.A12
ISBN #978-1-927539-35-4
Contents6 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 40.9
Grade Level: 12.1

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2.2.A13 Plot, Dot, and Draw a Manikin
Use plot-and-dot points of reference marked on a photo to render a proportionately accurate contour drawing of a manikin

Reference #2.2.A13
ISBN #978-1-927539-56-9
Contents8 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55.7
Grade Level: 8.8

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2.2.A14 Contour a Human Skull
Exercise your visual skills by creating a realistic contour drawing of a profile view of a human skull

Reference #2.2.A14
ISBN #978-1-927539-23-1
Contents8 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.4
Grade Level: 8.8

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2.2.A15 Contour a Human Brain
Enhance your visual intelligence by mostly examining step-by-step drawings to outline a realistic human brain

Reference #2.2.A15
ISBN #978-1-927539-24-8
Contents8 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 53.4
Grade Level: 9.1

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Free 2.2.A16 Frontal View of a Horse’s Head
Draw a horse by sketching accurate proportions, creating a contour drawing, and adding shading with hatching

Reference #2.2.A16
ISBN #978-1-927539-21-7
Contents6 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.2
Grade Level: 7.7

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2.2.A17 Project 2: Goldie the Goldfish
Outline a drawing space, add a grid, sketch accurate proportions, and create a delicate contour drawing of a goldfish

Reference #2.2.A17
ISBN #978-1-927539-19-4
Contents10 pages & 22 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.5
Grade Level: 7.4

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2.2.18 Draw Still Life from Memory
Sketch a familiar object without looking at it, then use a memory-enhancement technique to recall its details, and re-draw it from memory

Reference #2.2.18
ISBN #978-1-927539-44-6
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55
Grade Level: 10.1

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2.2.A19 Project 4: Rhino in Pajamas
Identify the value and thickness of diverse lines as you accurately duplicate the broad range of lineweights required to render a drawing based on a work by Albrecht Dürer

Reference #2.2.A19
ISBN #978-1-927539-27-9
Contents12 pages & 22 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.3
Grade Level: 8.2

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2.2.A20 Project 5: Lilly the Lovely Lily
Enhance your ability to identify and render values while creating a high contrast drawing of a white lily on a dark background

Reference #2.2.A20
ISBN #978-1-927539-28-6
Contents10 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.9
Grade Level: 8.4

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2.2.A21 Crisscrossing a Surreal Scene
Outline a background, middle ground, and foreground; then use a crosshatching technique to add patterned shading

Reference #2.2.A21
ISBN #978-1-927539-46-0
Contents8 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.3
Grade Level: 6.7

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2.2.A22 Plot, Dot, and Draw Inside Squares
Five worksheets: visually plot the locations of the outlines of designs, mark each point of reference with a dot, and use the dots to accurately render each design

Reference #2.2.A22
ISBN #978-1-927539-48-4
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55.3
Grade Level: 10

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2.2.A23 Turn Shapes Into People
Outline four symmetrical circular shapes and use your imagination to turn each one into a human face

Reference #2.2.A23
ISBN #978-1-927539-39-2
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.5
Grade Level: 6.6

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2.2.A24 Overlapping Parts of Cuddles
Create the illusion of depth by using a grid to accurately outline the various overlapping sections of a cartoon snake

Reference #2.2.A24
ISBN #978-1-927539-42-2
Contents8 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.4
Grade Level: 7.3

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2.2.A25 Triumphant Old Tree
Render an old weathered tree by identifying and outlining overlapping shapes and adding shading according to a light source

Reference #2.2.A25
ISBN #978-1-927539-47-7
Contents14 pages & 30 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.9
Grade Level: 10.3

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2.2.A26 Crisscross Patterned Shading
Use your visual and mental abilities to plan and render sets of parallel hatching lines to create patterned shading

Reference #2.2.A26
ISBN #978-1-927539-45-3
Contents6 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.5
Grade Level: 8.2

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2.2.A28 Outline a Simple Subject in a Square
Enhance your understanding of the process of plotting and dotting the locations of lines by drawing a design in a square drawing space

Reference #2.2.A28
ISBN #978-1-927539-51-4
Contents6 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.1
Grade Level: 7.7

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2.2.A29 Calibrate Your Visual Perception
Find out how well you visually measure distances, and explore methods to compensate for any recurring inaccuracies

Reference #2.2.A29
ISBN #978-1-927539-53-8
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.5
Grade Level: 9.8

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Module 3: Shading Techniques

3.1Introduction to Shading

Shading – the magic that transforms lines on a piece of paper into realistic, three-dimensional objects and living beings! Introduction to Shading teaches you how to shade realistic subjects with traditional shading techniques.


» Most files in this topic are included in a paperback book or as a printable E-book (PDF)

16 Resources

Free 3.1.R1 Identifying Light and Shadow on Forms
Examine four basic components of light and shadow that help create the illusion of three-dimensional forms on a flat sheet of drawing paper

Reference #3.1.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-75-5
Contents8 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.5
Grade Level: 8.6

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3.1.R2 Identifying Primary Light Sources
Examine values on drawing subjects to find clues that identify the directionality of the dominant light source

Reference #3.1.R2
ISBN #978-1-927539-65-1
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.3
Grade Level: 10.4

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3.1.R3 How to Use a Value Map
A four-step process to help you plan an appropriate method for adding shading to a drawing

Reference #3.1.R3
ISBN #978-1-927539-59-0
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.8
Grade Level: 8.8

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Free 3.1.R4 Checking Out Squirkles in Drawings
A richly-illustrated discussion demonstrates the diversity of squirkling for a broad range of different drawing subjects

Reference #3.1.R4
ISBN #978-1-927365-19-9
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.9
Grade Level: 8.7

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3.1.R5 Exploring Squirkled Value Scales
Popular techniques for rendering a range of different values with squirkles

Reference #3.1.R5
ISBN #978-1-927365-11-3
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66
Grade Level: 8.4

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Free 3.1.R6 How to Squirkle Graduations
Examine various types of graduations and discover the process for squirkling smoothly flowing graduations

Reference #3.1.R6
ISBN #978-1-927365-17-5
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.5
Grade Level: 9.1

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3.1.R7 Exploring Hatching in Drawings
Check out a few of the many shading abilities of a basic hatching technique made up of parallel straight lines

Reference #3.1.R7
ISBN #978-1-927365-23-6
Contents6 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.7
Grade Level: 10.3

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3.1.R8 How to Hatch Value Scales
Examine different styles of value scales created with hatching and find out how each is rendered.

Reference #3.1.R8
ISBN #978-1-927365-27-4
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.4
Grade Level: 8.2

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3.1.R9 Exploring Hatching Graduations
An illustrated discussion about various types of hatching graduations that are rendered with straight lines

Reference #3.1.R9
ISBN #978-1-927365-54-0
Contents4 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 52.5
Grade Level: 10.6

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3.1.R10 How to Hatch Graduations with One Grade
Examine the process of rendering three types of graduations by using one grade of pencil and side-by-side, straight hatching lines

Reference #3.1.R10
ISBN #978-1-927365-56-4
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.3
Grade Level: 10.6

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3.1.R11 To Blend or Not to Blend
Tips and techniques for using blending tools to successfully blend shading graduations

Reference #3.1.R11
ISBN #978-1-927539-60-6
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.3
Grade Level: 8.6

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3.1.R12 How to Hatch a Graduation with Five Grades
Discover the process of rendering a single graduation with five grades of pencils and straight hatching lines

Reference #3.1.R12
ISBN #978-1-927365-63-2
Contents4 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.4
Grade Level: 8.4

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3.1.R13 Render Contour Hatching Naturally
How to find and use your most natural drawing motions for shading with contour hatching

Reference #3.1.R13
ISBN #978-1-927365-77-9
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.8
Grade Level: 9.7

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3.1.R14 How to Hatch Lengthways Graduations
Examine the process of rendering a graduation by using lengthways hatching lines and four grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.R14
ISBN #978-1-927365-59-5
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.8
Grade Level: 8.6

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3.1.R15 Checking Out Contour Hatching
Examine graduations and drawings to see how curved hatching lines help create highly realistic textures and three-dimensional forms

Reference #3.1.R15
ISBN #978-1-927365-72-4
Contents6 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65
Grade Level: 8.4

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3.1.R16 Checking Out Crosshatching in Drawings
Close-up views of drawings provide insights into the process of rendering classical crosshatching techniques for contemporary subjects

Reference #3.1.R16
ISBN #978-1-77193-077-2
Contents12 pages & 30 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 43.3
Grade Level: 11.9

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40 Activities

3.1.A1 Shade Simple Value Scales
Prepare five grades of pencils and then use them to shade two value scales: from light to dark and from dark to light

Reference #3.1.A1
ISBN #978-1-927539-57-6
Contents6 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.3
Grade Level: 8.5

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3.1.A2 Shade an Optical Illusion
Outline straight sided shapes and add shading with four grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.A2
ISBN #978-1-927539-54-5
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.6
Grade Level: 7.2

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Free 3.1.A3 Shade Graduations of Values
Use pencil pressure and 2H, HB, 2B, 4B, and 6B grades of pencil to create seven different graduations

Reference #3.1.A3
ISBN #978-1-927539-58-3
Contents4 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.8
Grade Level: 6.8

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Free 3.1.A4 Use Shading to Create Forms
Use value maps and graduated shading to turn a circle, cube, and rectangle into realistic three-dimensional forms

Reference #3.1.A4
ISBN #978-1-927539-64-4
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.6
Grade Level: 6.8

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3.1.A5 Squirkle Value Scales
Render six different value scales with squirkling by using line density, pencil grades, and pressure

Reference #3.1.A5
ISBN #978-1-927365-16-8
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.4
Grade Level: 8.2

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3.1.A6 Squirkle Graduations of Values
Use line density, pencil pressure, and different grades of pencils to squirkle smoothly flowing graduations

Reference #3.1.A6
ISBN #978-1-927365-24-3
Contents2 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.6
Grade Level: 8.3

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3.1.A7 Squirkle Striped Graduations
Create a striped pattern and a bumpy texture with gently curving graduations

Reference #3.1.A7
ISBN #978-1-927365-25-0
Contents2 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.3
Grade Level: 8

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3.1.A8 Graduate Blobs and Globs
Design an arrangement of five overlapping shapes and use squirkling graduations and different grades of pencils to make the shapes appear three-dimensional

Reference #3.1.A8
ISBN #978-1-927365-62-5
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.2
Grade Level: 6.3

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Free 3.1.A9 Squirkle an Iris and a Pupil
Sketch the shapes of an iris, highlight, and pupil, and add shading with graduations of squirkles

Reference #3.1.A9
ISBN #978-1-927365-53-3
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.2
Grade Level: 7.2

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3.1.A10 Hatch Value Scales with Five Grades
Use hatching and five grades of pencils to render value scales that appear to be solid tones

Reference #3.1.A10
ISBN #978-1-927365-28-1
Contents2 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.1
Grade Level: 7.4

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3.1.A11 Mountains in the Style of Impressionism
Draw an impressionistic range of mountains shaded with the natural values of five different grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.A11
ISBN #978-1-927365-30-4
Contents8 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.1.A12 Use Line Density to Hatch Value Scales
Render five different value scales of seven values each by varying the density of the hatching lines and using different grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.A12
ISBN #978-1-927365-29-8
Contents2 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.5
Grade Level: 7.2

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3.1.A13 Hatch an Abstract Design
Design an abstract composition and add shading with five different grades of pencils while varying line density

Reference #3.1.A13
ISBN #978-1-927365-31-1
Contents4 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.7
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.1.A14 Hatch Value Scales with Pencil Pressure
Render ten value scales of five solid tones by varying the pressure used with single grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.A14
ISBN #978-1-927365-55-7
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.3
Grade Level: 8.1

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3.1.A15 Use Five Grades to Hatch Five Graduations
Use pencil pressure to create a graduation of values with a 2H, HB, 2B, 4B and 6B grade of pencil and side-by-side, straight hatching lines

Reference #3.1.A15
ISBN #978-1-927365-64-9
Contents2 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.3
Grade Level: 8

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3.1.A16 Hatch a Single Graduation with Five Grades
Render a single graduation with a combination of five grades of pencils and straight hatching lines

Reference #3.1.A16
ISBN #978-1-927365-65-6
Contents2 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.5
Grade Level: 8.7

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3.1.A17 Hatch Forms with Burnishing and Erasing
Learn two invaluable shading techniques for creating a smooth texture with hatching

Reference #3.1.A17
ISBN #978-1-927539-74-3
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.1.A18 Hatch Vertical Lines of Random Lengths
Create two sets of randomly placed hatching lines of different lengths: one with long lines and the other with short lines

Reference #3.1.A18
ISBN #978-1-927365-69-4
Contents4 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.8
Grade Level: 7

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3.1.A19 Hatch Two Types of Lengthways Graduations
Render a graduation with long lines and another with short lines by using lengthways hatching lines

Reference #3.1.A19
ISBN #978-1-927365-70-0
Contents2 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.9
Grade Level: 8.6

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3.1.A20 Sketch a Scene with Hatching Graduations
Use graduated hatching, atmospheric perspective, and a shading map to draw a tranquil scene with a palm tree, an island, and calm water

Reference #3.1.A20
ISBN #978-1-927365-60-1
Contents8 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63
Grade Level: 8.7

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3.1.A21 Render Ribbons of Values
Vary the pressure used with five grades of pencils to create a design with five ribbons of different values

Reference #3.1.A21
ISBN #978-1-927539-83-5
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.5
Grade Level: 7.4

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3.1.A22 Shade a Simple Form with Contour Hatching
Use contour hatching graduations to depict the illusion of depth by transforming a circular shape into a three-dimensional form

Reference #3.1.A22
ISBN #978-1-927365-76-2
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 72.2
Grade Level: 6.5

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3.1.A23 Graduate Curved Hatching Lines Lengthways
Use curved hatching lines to smoothly render a graduation that depicts the illusion of form on a segment of a sphere

Reference #3.1.A23
ISBN #978-1-927539-16-3
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.1
Grade Level: 9.6

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3.1.A24 White Egg on a White Surface
Use squirkling graduations to define the form of a high key subject and hatching to render its cast shadow

Reference #3.1.A24
ISBN #978-1-927539-62-0
Contents4 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.1
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.1.A25 Contour a Child's Straight Hair
Draw a realistically proportioned young child with straight hair that curves around the contours of his head

Reference #3.1.A25
ISBN #978-1-927539-63-7
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69
Grade Level: 6.6

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3.1.A26 Shade and Blend Bobby Blob
Outline a shape, add graduated values with squirkles, and blend the shading to create a smooth three-dimensional cartoon face

Reference #3.1.A26
ISBN #978-1-927539-73-6
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.3
Grade Level: 6.6

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3.1.A27 Realistic Petals on a Flower
Use a chisel point on nine grades of pencils to render a detailed drawing of a flower with a focus on shading light and shadow

Reference #3.1.A27
ISBN #978-1-927539-61-3
Contents8 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.5
Grade Level: 7.6

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3.1.A28 Hatch Hairy Harry
Use a shading map and hatching graduations to render both smooth shading and the texture of realistic hair

Reference #3.1.A28
ISBN #978-1-927539-69-9
Contents10 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.8
Grade Level: 6.7

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3.1.A29 Shade a Tulip with Contour Hatching
Outline and then use contour hatching graduations to add shading to a tulip and a section of its stem and leaf based on a light source

Reference #3.1.A29
ISBN #978-1-927365-79-3
Contents8 pages & 22 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68
Grade Level: 7.4

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3.1.A30 Shade an Apple with Contour Hatching
Render a realistic drawing of a shiny Macintosh apple by using blending to smooth out contour hatching graduations

Reference #3.1.A30
ISBN #978-1-927539-52-1
Contents6 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.1
Grade Level: 9.6

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3.1.A31 Turn a Shape into a Form
Use traditional shading techniques and five grades of pencils to render a three-dimensional form

Reference #3.1.A31
ISBN #978-1-927539-80-4
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 73.2
Grade Level: 5.7

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3.1.A32 Shade the Realistic Forms of Leaves
Follow richly-illustrated, step-by-step instructions to draw a plant in the style of realism

Reference #3.1.A32
ISBN #978-1-927539-82-8
Contents6 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.1
Grade Level: 8.4

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3.1.A33 Shine Up a Simple Sphere
Use contour hatching, burnishing, blending, and erasing to create a realistic drawing of a sphere with a shiny surface

Reference #3.1.A33
ISBN #978-1-927539-93-4
Contents6 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.1
Grade Level: 6.8

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3.1.A34 Hatch a Scale of Seven Values
Scale seven different solid-tone values by varying the pressure applied with a combination of five grades of pencils

Reference #3.1.A34
ISBN #978-1-927365-57-1
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.8
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.1.A35 Hatch Three Types of Graduations with One Grade
Create three different graduations by using one grade of pencil and side-by-side, straight hatching lines

Reference #3.1.A35
ISBN #978-1-927365-58-8
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.8
Grade Level: 8.2

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3.1.A36 Cut Across Diverse Lines
Enhance your visual skills and discover the many facets of crosshatching by drawing various types of overlapping lines

Reference #3.1.A36
ISBN #978-1-77193-037-6
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55.1
Grade Level: 8.9

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3.1.A37 Crosshatch Value Scales
Use crosshatching to turn simple straight lines into values by varying the density of the lines

Reference #3.1.A37
ISBN #978-1-77193-042-0
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.1
Grade Level: 7.6

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3.1.A38 Crosshatch Smooth Graduations
Employ various shading techniques to create smoothly flowing graduations of values with crosshatching

Reference #3.1.A38
ISBN #978-1-77193-043-7
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.3
Grade Level: 8

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3.1.A39 Use a Value Map to Crosshatch Graduations
Identify the various values in a subject, outline a corresponding value map, and then use the value map to add shading

Reference #3.1.A39
ISBN #978-1-77193-045-1
Contents6 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.4
Grade Level: 8.1

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3.1.A40 Crosshatch a Grape Smoothie
Sketch proportions, outline contours, shade with contour crosshatching, and blend values to create a shiny, realistic grape

Reference #3.1.A40
ISBN #978-1-77193-063-5
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.6
Grade Level: 6.9

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3.2Shading Textures and Patterns

0 Resources

18 Activities

3.2.A1 Render the Texture of Corduroy
A simple technique for capturing the texture of ribbed fabrics such as corduroy or knits

Reference #3.2.A1
ISBN #978-1-77193-031-4
Contents2 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.4
Grade Level: 6.6

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3.2.A2 Squirkle a Realistic Spruce Tree
Transform a single vertical line into a drawing of a majestic spruce tree on a sunny afternoon

Reference #3.2.A2
ISBN #978-1-77193-024-6
Contents8 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.1
Grade Level: 7.4

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3.2.A4 Shade Matte and Shiny Fabric
Capture the basic textures of such fabrics as cotton, linen, silk, polyester, vinyl, plastic, and leather using crosshatching

Reference #3.2.A4
ISBN #978-1-77193-029-1
Contents2 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61
Grade Level: 8.1

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3.2.A6 Squirkle a Bumpy Avocado
Draw the wonderful, bumpy texture of an avocado using shading only (no outlining)

Reference #3.2.A6
ISBN #978-1-77193-027-7
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.2
Grade Level: 6.5

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3.2.A9 Shade a Medieval Arrowhead
Use diverse shading techniques to capture the three-dimensional forms and the dull, weathered, metal texture of an arrowhead

Reference #3.2.A9
ISBN #978-1-927539-91-0
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.4
Grade Level: 7.2

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3.2.A10 Shade Fabric with a Spotted Pattern
Use a shading map and crosshatching graduations to shade the smooth weave and spotted pattern of fabric

Reference #3.2.A10
ISBN #978-1-77193-036-9
Contents2 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.5
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.2.A11 Shade Gently Folding Striped Fabric
Use crosshatching graduations to capture the realistic texture, pattern, and forms of smooth, woven fabric with a slight bulge

Reference #3.2.A11
ISBN #978-1-77193-034-5
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.4
Grade Level: 7.5

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3.2.A12 Shade the Hem of Ribbed Fabric
Draw a section of hemmed clothing that characterizes the textures of such fabrics as denim, corduroy, and knits

Reference #3.2.A12
ISBN #978-1-77193-032-1
Contents4 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.2
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.2.A13 Shade Furry Graduations on a Cartoon
Outline and add shading to a cartoon face and then add shading to its fur with lengthways graduations

Reference #3.2.A13
ISBN #978-1-927365-74-8
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71
Grade Level: 7.5

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3.2.A14 Smooth Speckled Egg
Employ contour hatching to capture the texture, pattern, and form of an egg as defined by a specific light source

Reference #3.2.A14
ISBN #978-1-77193-044-4
Contents4 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.4
Grade Level: 7.1

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3.2.A15 Dewdrops on a Tulip
Employ contour hatching graduations and blending to render a realistic drawing of dewdrops glistening on the textured surface of a tulip

Reference #3.2.A15
ISBN #978-1-77193-001-7
Contents8 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58
Grade Level: 8.9

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3.2.A19 Shade a Symmetrical Bowl
Use contour hatching, blending, burnishing, and erasing to capture the smooth, patterned surface of a bowl

Reference #3.2.A19
ISBN #978-1-927539-99-6
Contents8 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.4
Grade Level: 8.1

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3.2.A21 View of a Brain from Above
Enhance your visual intelligence by focusing on step-by-step illustrations to draw the shiny texture of a human brain

Reference #3.2.A21
ISBN #978-1-77193-065-9
Contents8 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 47.2
Grade Level: 11.3

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3.2.A24 Bird of Paradise
Employ contour hatching graduations and blending to render the textures of a beautiful exotic flower

Reference #3.2.A24
ISBN #978-1-77193-003-1
Contents10 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.6
Grade Level: 9.8

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3.2.A26 Beverley's Stained Glass Butterfly
Employ high key shading, blending, and erasing to render the textures of a realistic stained glass and metal butterfly

Reference #3.2.A26
ISBN #978-1-77193-022-2
Contents12 pages & 25 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.1
Grade Level: 9.1

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3.2.A28 Glistening Surface of a Brain
Outline a side-on view of a brain and then use shading and blending to create the illusion of shiny, wet forms

Reference #3.2.A28
ISBN #978-1-77193-069-7
Contents16 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 53.5
Grade Level: 9.5

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3.2.A30 Photorealistic Texture of a Thing
Use squirkling to shade a close-up view of a tiny section of a mystery object by focusing only on values

Reference #3.2.A30
ISBN #978-1-77193-076-5
Contents8 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.6
Grade Level: 10.3

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3.2.A32 Textures and Patterns of a Dagger
Create a photorealistic drawing of a shiny dagger with high contrast shading that highlights forms, textures, and patterns

Reference #3.2.A32
ISBN #978-1-77193-070-3
Contents10 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.2
Grade Level: 8.6

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Module 4: Composition and Perspective

4.1Composing Two-Dimensional Artworks

The rules and guidelines that make up the various elements of composition enable artists to expressively and aesthetically arrange their subjects within the boundaries of a drawing space.

2 Resources

4.1.R1 How to Use a Viewfinder Frame
The process of using a viewfinder frame to choose a composition when working from a photo or real life

Reference #4.1.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-42-7
Contents3 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.6
Grade Level: 7.2

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4.1.R4 Compose a Portrait of Joel Allen
How to plan a composition by rendering a thumbnail sketch that employs the rule of thirds, high contrast shading, and high key graduations

Reference #4.1.R4
ISBN #978-1-77193-041-3
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.5
Grade Level: 9

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2 Activities

Free 4.1.A1 Make a Viewfinder Frame
Construct a viewfinder frame for choosing ideal compositions

Reference #4.1.A1
ISBN #978-0-9878229-2-5
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.6
Grade Level: 7.7

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4.1.A2 Compose with a Viewfinder Frame
Use a viewfinder frame to choose a composition from a photograph and create a simple sketch based on what you see through its opening

Reference #4.1.A2
ISBN #978-1-927365-43-4
Contents3 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.7
Grade Level: 8.6

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4.2Perspective

The rules and guidelings of the many components of perspective enable artists to create the believable illusion of a third dimension on a flat piece of drawing paper.

6 Resources

4.2.R1 Identifying Your Eye Level
An illustrated discussion about the imaginary horizontal line that divides your line of vision

Reference #4.2.R1
ISBN #978-1-927365-32-8
Contents3 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.9
Grade Level: 8.6

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4.2.R2 Above, Below, and On the Horizon Line
How one-point perspective can create the illusion that viewers are looking upward, downward, or straight ahead at the subjects of drawings

Reference #4.2.R2
ISBN #978-1-927365-37-3
Contents3 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.1
Grade Level: 9.6

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4.2.R3 Disappearing Into a Vanishing Point
How one-point perspective can create the illusion of objects becoming progressively smaller until they disappear from view

Reference #4.2.R3
ISBN #978-1-927365-38-0
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.5
Grade Level: 9.5

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4.2.R4 Creating Depth with Overlapping
Exploring overlapping as an invaluable tool for creating or enhancing the illusion of a three dimensional reality in artworks

Reference #4.2.R4
ISBN #978-1-927365-40-3
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.3
Grade Level: 9

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4.2.R5 Atmospheric Perspective
Integrating different atmospheric conditions into drawings to visually move subjects back toward distant space

Reference #4.2.R5
ISBN #978-1-927365-39-7
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 49.2
Grade Level: 11.5

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4.2.R6 Looking into Foreshortening
A discussion surrounding the visual distortions of objects and people when viewed from extreme points of view

Reference #4.2.R6
ISBN #978-1-927365-41-0
Contents3 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.3
Grade Level: 9.7

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4 Activities

4.2.A1 Draw a Box with One-Point Perspective
Use a horizon line, vanishing point, and perspective lines to transform a two-dimensional rectangle into a three-dimensional box

Reference #4.2.A1
ISBN #978-1-927365-33-5
Contents4 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.5
Grade Level: 9.4

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4.2.A2 Draw Simple Overlapping Shapes
Outline overlapping shapes and then use your creative mind to give each a unique personality

Reference #4.2.A2
ISBN #978-1-927365-36-6
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 77.4
Grade Level: 6.4

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4.2.A3 Three Perspectives on Boxes
Use one-point perspective to draw frontal views of nine different boxes located above, on, or below the horizon line

Reference #4.2.A3
ISBN #978-1-927365-44-1
Contents11 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.4
Grade Level: 9.9

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4.2.A15 A Forest Fades into the Mist
Employ geometric and atmospheric perspective to create a three-dimensional view into a brightly-lit opening beyond the trees

Reference #4.2.A15
ISBN #978-1-77193-046-8
Contents10 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.9
Grade Level: 7.5

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Module 5: Diversity in Visual Arts

5.1Drawing on the Masters (Brenda Hoddinott)

Use the styles and techniques of the great masters to render drawings

4 Resources

Free 5.1.R1 Inspecting Classical Power Lines
Examine historical and contemporary drawings that feature contour and shading lines of various weights

Reference #5.1.R1
ISBN #978-1-927539-75-0
Contents5 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 47.3
Grade Level: 11.1

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5.1.R2 The Anatomy of Individual Lines
Dissecting the techniques used to render lines of different weights

Reference #5.1.R2
ISBN #978-1-927539-76-7
Contents4 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.3
Grade Level: 9.9

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5.1.R3 Making Lines More Powerful
Explore several mixed lineweight techniques that can be used alone or in combination with others

Reference #5.1.R3
ISBN #978-1-927539-88-0
Contents8 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 55.9
Grade Level: 10.7

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5.1.R4 Exploring Light and Shadow on Contours
How strategically placed combinations of lineweights can illustrate light and shadow in contour drawings

Reference #5.1.R4
ISBN #978-1-927539-87-3
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.3
Grade Level: 8.7

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19 Activities

5.1.A1 Add Pressure to Straight Lines
Draw 15 sets of three straight lines by using different grades of pencils and pencil pressure

Reference #5.1.A1
ISBN #978-1-927539-67-5
Contents2 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 75.3
Grade Level: 5.3

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5.1.A2 Render Sets of Curved Lines
Draw a light, medium, and dark set of curved lines with a 2H, HB, 2B, 4B, and 6B pencil in turn

Reference #5.1.A2
ISBN #978-1-927539-66-8
Contents2 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.7
Grade Level: 6.8

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5.1.A3 Draw Four Different Buds
Use various lineweights to render four in-proportion versions of a flower bud based on a sketch by Leonardo da Vinci

Reference #5.1.A3
ISBN #978-1-927539-68-2
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.1
Grade Level: 7.3

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5.1.A4 Practice Lines with Pencil Pressure
Practice drawing straight and curved lines of different weights by varying the pressure applied to a 4B pencil

Reference #5.1.A4
ISBN #978-1-927539-70-5
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 74.7
Grade Level: 6.6

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Free 5.1.A5 Spice Up Lines with Pressure and Grades
Design long compound curved lines of mixed lineweights by varying the pressure applied to different grades of pencils

Reference #5.1.A5
ISBN #978-1-927539-71-2
Contents4 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.2
Grade Level: 7.9

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5.1.A6 Design an Original Bud with Power Lines
Employ your favorite line drawing techniques and any drawing medium to create an original drawing of Bud

Reference #5.1.A6
ISBN #978-1-927539-85-9
Contents2 pages & 3 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.9
Grade Level: 7.6

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5.1.A7 Shade Power Lines on an Antelope
Create a mixed-lineweight drawing of an antelope by outlining contours and adding shading to shapes

Reference #5.1.A7
ISBN #978-1-927539-81-1
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 49.2
Grade Level: 9.1

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5.1.A8 Outline Light and Shadow on Bud
Draw Bud with mixed lineweights that illustrate a light source shining from the upper right

Reference #5.1.A8
ISBN #Outline Light and Shadow on Bud
Contents2 pages & 2 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.3
Grade Level: 6.4

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5.1.A9 Outline Light and Shadow From Life
Use mixed lineweights and different light sources to create two original contour drawings from life

Reference #5.1.A9
ISBN #978-1-927539-89-7
Contents2 pages & 0 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.5
Grade Level: 6.4

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5.1.A10 Design a Medieval Spoon
Use your imagination and mixed lineweights to design, outline, and shade a spoon that could have been used by peasants during the Middle Ages

Reference #5.1.A10
ISBN #978-1-927539-77-4
Contents4 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.3
Grade Level: 6.6

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Free 5.1.A11 Study of a Flower (Leonardo da Vinci)
Outline a flower with mixed-weight contour lines and add shading with mixed-weight hatching lines

Reference #5.1.A11
ISBN #978-1-927539-78-1
Contents6 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.9
Grade Level: 8.4

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5.1.A12 Study of a Rosebud (Leonardo da Vinci)
Outline and add shading to a rosebud with both contour lines and hatching lines that vary in weight

Reference #5.1.A12
ISBN #978-1-927539-79-8
Contents4 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 68.8
Grade Level: 6.4

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5.1.A18 The Sorrows of the King (Matisse)
Use several different grades of pencils to create the illusion of a three-dimensional, multi-textured collage on medium tooth paper

Reference #5.1.A18
ISBN #978-1-927539-92-7
Contents12 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.5
Grade Level: 8.5

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5.1.A25 Sketch of a Youth (Michelangelo)
Use mixed lineweights and hatching to sketch a portrait of a youth in the style of Michelangelo

Reference #5.1.A25
ISBN #978-1-927539-95-8
Contents6 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.9
Grade Level: 8.6

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5.1.A27 Study for the Head of a Girl (Leonardo da Vinci)
Employ the drawing techniques of Leonardo Da Vinci to create a soft, delicate portrait of a beautiful girl

Reference #5.1.A27
ISBN #978-1-927539-97-2
Contents8 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.7
Grade Level: 8.3

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5.1.A29 Old Man's Face in Profile (Leonardo da Vinci)
Use graphite pencils to recreate classical drawing techniques while rendering the optical illusion that the drawing is several hundred years old

Reference #5.1.A29
ISBN #978-1-927539-84-2
Contents12 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 63.2
Grade Level: 7.9

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5.1.A30 Nuremburg Woman (Albrecht Dürer)
Use various grades of graphite pencils to recreate a pen and watercolor drawing of a beautifully-dressed female figure

Reference #5.1.A30
ISBN #978-1-927539-96-5
Contents12 pages & 25 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.2
Grade Level: 7.2

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5.1.A34 Mona Lisa (Leonardo da Vinci)
Practice the hatching techniques of Leonardo da Vinci while enhancing your ability to render shading with a full range of values

Reference #5.1.A34
ISBN #978-1-927539-90-3
Contents14 pages & 28 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65
Grade Level: 7.5

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5.1.A35 Mummy Portrait of a Roman Soldier
Employ classical shading techniques to recreate the textures of a 2000-year-old portrait painted on a wooden panel

Reference #5.1.A35
ISBN #978-1-77193-000-0
Contents12 pages & 18 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.5
Grade Level: 9.7

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5.2Art Appreciation (Jim Lane)

In between the facts and fun, you are invited to discover helpful tips to enhance your own artistic journey and fascinating information about renowned artists and their work.

9 Resources

5.2.R1 Who is an Artist?
Information specific to the historical identities of famous artists and invaluable tools to help you identify who you are as an artist

Reference #5.2.R1
ISBN #978-1-77193-050-5
Contents16 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.4
Grade Level: 10.1

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5.2.R2 Encouragement (or Not)
Insights into potential outcomes when family, friends, and critics try to support or hinder an artistic journey

Reference #5.2.R2
ISBN #978-1-77193-051-2
Contents8 pages & 4 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 53.5
Grade Level: 9.8

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5.2.R3 My Goat Ate My Artwork
Insights into art-related educational options that can result in a rewarding career as an artist

Reference #5.2.R3
ISBN #978-1-77193-053-6
Contents8 pages & 5 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 49.5
Grade Level: 10.8

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5.2.R4 Fun and Games with Art
Enjoy a broad overview of the lighter side of art as you continue your quest for an artistic niche

Reference #5.2.R4
ISBN #78-1-77193-055-0
Contents24 pages & 24 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.1
Grade Level: 8.8

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5.2.R5 Invaluable Info for Visual Artists
A translation of complex aspects of art from “art speak” into plain English

Reference #5.2.R5
ISBN #978-1-77193-068-0
Contents18 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 51.1
Grade Level: 10.5

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5.2.R6 Where is Art Going?
An educated guess as to how the world of art may change in future decades

Reference #5.2.R6
ISBN #978-1-77193-067-3
Contents16 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.1
Grade Level: 10.2

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5.2.R7 Sounds Like a Personal Problem
Pitfalls outside the realm of art which have long plagued artists

Reference #5.2.R7
ISBN #978-1-77193-072-7
Contents16 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56.2
Grade Level: 9.5

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5.2.R8 To Be or Not to Be (an Artist)
Insights into fascinating aspects of being an artist beyond the creation of artworks

Reference #5.2.R8
ISBN #978-1-77193-078-9
Contents10 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.5
Grade Level: 9.1

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5.2.R9 Working as a Visual Artist
Helpful insights into potential challenges encountered by artists who choose careers in the visual arts

Reference #5.2.R9
ISBN #978-1-77193-082-6
Contents18 pages & 14 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 56
Grade Level: 9.8

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2 Activities

5.2.A1 Play with Your Brain
Answer 50 fun questions to discover your brain’s strengths and weaknesses

Reference #5.2.A1
ISBN #978-1-77193-061-1
Contents6 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.1
Grade Level: 5.1

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5.2.A2 Break Your Artistic Block!
A list of 42 drawing and painting projects for when you want to make art but just can’t get started

Reference #5.2.A2
ISBN #978-1-77193-075-8
Contents2 pages & 1 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.9
Grade Level: 6.1

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6.1Introduction to Drawing People

2 Resources

6.1.R3 Guidelines for Drawing Adult Faces
Easily understood and simple to remember guidelines for rendering adult heads and facial features proportionally correct

Reference #6.1.R3
ISBN #978-1-77193-006-2
Contents6 pages & 7 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 48.3
Grade Level: 10.3

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6.1.R5 Facial Proportions of Babies
Guidelines to help draw realistically-proportioned babies' faces and heads, from newborn to toddler

Reference #6.1.R5
ISBN #978-1-77193-035-2
Contents6 pages & 17 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.7
Grade Level: 9.8

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12 Activities

6.1.A1 Shade the Basic Forms of Lips
Use symmetry, contour hatching, and burnishing to draw an adult mouth

Reference #6.1.A1
ISBN #978-1-77193-030-7
Contents6 pages & 20 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.9
Grade Level: 7.3

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6.1.A3 Outline an Adult Head and Face
Draw a symmetrical adult head, measure and draw generic guidelines, and add realistically proportioned ears and facial features

Reference #6.1.A3
ISBN #978-1-77193-023-9
Contents8 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.8
Grade Level: 7.2

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6.1.A6 Draw Realistic Eyelashes
Conquering the adversary of many portrait artists: realistic, natural-looking eyelashes

Reference #6.1.A6
ISBN #978-1-77193-007-9
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 49.2
Grade Level: 10.1

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6.1.A7 Draw a Realistic Eye
Outline various parts of an eye, draw natural-looking eyelashes, and add shading to create a lifelike representation of an eye

Reference #6.1.A7
ISBN #978-1-77193-008-6
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57
Grade Level: 8.9

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6.1.A9 Profile View of Baby Grace
Draw a realistic facial profile of a baby by first outlining accurate proportions and then shading textures and forms with hatching

Reference #6.1.A9
ISBN #978-1-927539-31-6
Contents6 pages & 10 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.6
Grade Level: 6.4

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6.1.A10 Shade the Forms of an Ear
Sketch five basic sections of an ear and accentuate their forms with crosshatching graduations

Reference #6.1.A10
ISBN #978-1-77193-011-6
Contents4 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.4
Grade Level: 6.53

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6.1.A11 Adult Noses in Profile
Three simple steps show you how to outline and shade profile views of three different types of adult noses

Reference #6.1.A11
ISBN #978-1-77193-013-0
Contents6 pages & 8 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64.5
Grade Level: 7.6

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6.1.A14 Frontal View of Adult Noses
Three simple steps show you how to outline and shade frontal views of three different types of adult noses

Reference #6.1.A14
ISBN #978-1-77193-016-1
Contents6 pages & 9 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.7
Grade Level: 7.3

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6.1.A18 Adult Leg and Foot
Outline the basic shapes of a leg and foot and then use hatching to shade their anatomical forms

Reference #6.1.A18
ISBN #978-1-77193-017-8
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62.1
Grade Level: 8.2

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6.1.A20 Curving the Forms of Straight Hair
Use slightly-curved hatching lines of various lengths and values to draw the texture and forms of long, straight hair

Reference #6.1.A20
ISBN #978-1-77193-020-8
Contents6 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 73.6
Grade Level: 6.1

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6.1.A22 Eye on Melissa
Draw an eye with a focus on accurately rendering the anatomical forms surrounding the orbital cavity

Reference #6.1.A22
ISBN #978-1-77193-015-4
Contents6 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 64
Grade Level: 7.4

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6.1.A30 Joel Allen in Profile
Outline accurate contours and then hatch and crosshatch graduations to create a high-contrast portrait of a young man

Reference #6.1.A30
ISBN #978-1-77193-052-9
Contents12 pages & 25 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.8
Grade Level: 7.5

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6.2Introduction to Drawing Animals

0 Resources

19 Activities

6.2.A2 Rocky the Rodent
Draw a simple mouse and add shading lines to make his forms look furry and three-dimensional

Reference #6.2.A2
ISBN #978-1-77193-002-4
Contents8 pages & 15 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 70.5
Grade Level: 6.5

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6.2.A4 Tuttle the Turtle
Sketch a turtle’s proportions within a simple grid, outline her with neat lines, and add shading with hatching graduations

Reference #6.2.A4
ISBN #978-1-77193-004-8
Contents10 pages & 26 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.9
Grade Level: 7.3

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6.2.A5 Kevin Bacon
Outline a caricature of a piglet and then add shading to capture his three-dimensional forms and spotted fur

Reference #6.2.A5
ISBN #978-1-77193-005-5
Contents10 pages & 12 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.2
Grade Level: 6.7

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6.2.A6 Shade a Basic Dog Eye
Create a simple drawing of a dog's eye based on a detailed photo

Reference #6.2.A6
ISBN #978-1-77193-021-5
Contents6 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.2
Grade Level: 7.5

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6.2.A7 Shade Simple Furry Stripes
Use curved hatching lines to render a striped pattern with a furry texture

Reference #6.2.A7
ISBN #978-1-77193-040-6
Contents4 pages & 6 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 57.2
Grade Level: 8.8

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6.2.A8 Shade Spotted Furry Textures
Use hatching lines to render the texture and pattern of realistic, spotted fur

Reference #6.2.A8
ISBN #978-1-927539-29-3
Contents6 pages & 16 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.1
Grade Level: 7.9

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New 6.2.A9 The Penguin Formally Known as Tux
Use graduated hatching techniques to define the three-dimensional forms of an adorable penguin

Reference #6.2.A9
ISBN #978-1-77193-087-1
Contents12 pages & 28 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 62
Grade Level: 7.4

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6.2.A10 Curve Fur Around Canine Forms
Use contour hatching to shade the realistic anatomical structures of a puppy’s leg and paw

Reference #6.2.A10
ISBN #978-1-77193-048-2
Contents10 pages & 23 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.2
Grade Level: 7.4

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6.2.A14 Daphnia the Water Flea
Draw an unusual microscopic animal commonly referred to as a “water flea” using basic contour drawing and shading skills

Reference #6.2.A14
ISBN #978-1-77193-084-0
Contents6 pages & 11 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.2
Grade Level: 8.5

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6.2.A15 Shade a Realistic Dog Eye
Sketch proportions, outline shapes, and use various shading techniques to create a realistic animal eye

Reference #6.2.A15
ISBN #978-1-77193-062-8
Contents8 pages & 19 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67.2
Grade Level: 7

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6.2.A16 Feathers on a Wing
Outline a generic wing to serve as a reference for drawing creatures with wings – from birds, angels, and dragons, to flying pigs

Reference #6.2.A16
ISBN #978-1-77193-083-3
Contents10 pages & 31 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.6
Grade Level: 8.9

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6.2.A17 Dandy the Baby Giraffe
Outline proportions and shapes and then add shading to create the forms, textures, and patterns of an adorable young giraffe

Reference #6.2.A17
ISBN #978-1-77193-047-5
Contents14 pages & 41 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 69.8
Grade Level: 6.9

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6.2.A18 Hooter the Owl
Outline the shapes of an adorable young owl and then use various shading techniques to accentuate her features, textures, and forms

Reference #6.2.A18
ISBN #978-1-77193-012-3
Contents12 pages & 21 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 73.2
Grade Level: 6.1

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6.2.A19 Caricature of Kitty the Cat
Sketch a cat's face within a grid and then use mostly curved hatching lines to shade her fur and face

Reference #6.2.A19
ISBN #978-1-77193-085-7
Contents12 pages & 25 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 60.4
Grade Level: 7.8

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6.2.A20 A Zebra Named Spot
Draw a zebra’s striped pattern, furry texture, and exterior anatomical forms

Reference #6.2.A20
ISBN #978-1-77193-010-9
Contents16 pages & 33 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 67
Grade Level: 7

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6.2.A21 Ladybug Lounging on a Leaf
Outline the shapes of a ladybug and then use various shading techniques to accentuate her textures and forms

Reference #6.2.A21
ISBN #978-1-77193-059-8
Contents12 pages & 26 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.5
Grade Level: 8.3

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6.2.A25 Siamese Tiger Fish
Draw the realistic patterns, textures, and forms of the head, body, scales, and fins of an exotic fish

Reference #6.2.A25
ISBN #978-1-77193-033-8
Contents12 pages & 27 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.7
Grade Level: 7.6

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6.2.A26 Realistic Black Widow
Enhance your visual skills by examining detailed, step-by-step illustrations to outline and shade the intricacies of a spider

Reference #6.2.A26
ISBN #978-1-77193-079-6
Contents8 pages & 13 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 59.2
Grade Level: 8.7

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6.2.A29 To Bee or Not to Bee
Outline a bee's proportions and shapes and then use various shading techniques to create its many different textures

Reference #6.2.A29
ISBN #978-1-77193-056-7
Contents12 pages & 26 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 71.3
Grade Level: 5.9

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6.3Draw Portraits of People and Pets

3 Resources

6.3.R3 Photorealistic Portrait of Karin
An illustrated diary that explores the process of planning a composition, setting up grids, and using crosshatching graduations to draw a fun portrait of a child

Reference #6.3.R3
ISBN #978-1-77193-019-2
Contents12 pages & 23 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 58.7
Grade Level: 9.4

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6.3.R4 Evie the Elderly Shepherd
Explore the process of setting up a grid, outlining proportions, drawing a value map, and shading a beautiful 17-year-old German Shepherd

Reference #6.3.R4
ISBN #978-1-77193-081-9
Contents16 pages & 30 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 61.2
Grade Level: 9.4

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New 6.3.R6 Wesley the Wonderful Maltese
A heavily-illustrated journal that describes the process of drawing an adorable white dog on white paper with a softly-rendered background

Reference #6.3.R6
ISBN #978-1-77193-090-1
Contents20 pages & 40 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54
Grade Level: 9.5

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4 Activities

6.3.A2 Isaac the Jack Russell
Create a contour drawing of Isaac, then use hatching to add shading to his fur and squirkling to add shading to his nose

Reference #6.3.A2
ISBN #978-1-77193-009-3
Contents16 pages & 36 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 75.9
Grade Level: 5.55

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6.3.A6 Panda the Shih Tzu
Sketch Panda’s proportions within a grid, outline her facial features, and add shading to her face and head

Reference #6.3.A6
ISBN #978-1-77193-086-4
Contents16 pages & 35 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 54.1
Grade Level: 9.19

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6.3.A18 Katie The Pitweiler
Render a highly-detailed, photorealistic drawing of either this mixed-breed dog or your own favorite pet using an unusual approach to drawing with a grid

Reference #6.3.A18
ISBN #978-1-77193-018-5
Contents14 pages & 23 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 65.8
Grade Level: 7.9

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6.3.A23 Boy with Wonderful Curly Hair
Outline and add shading to a fun caricature of either this boy or someone else with curly hair

Reference #6.3.A23
ISBN #978-1-77193-080-2
Contents18 pages & 30 illustrations
Flesch-KincaidReading Ease: 66.8
Grade Level: 7.5

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