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Introduction to Shading teaches you how to shade realistic subjects
with traditional shading techniques. This book is divided into six
Part 1: Seeing and Shading Values
Discover how highlights, shadows, reflected light, and cast shadows
help create the illusion of a three-dimensional reality on a flat
sheet of paper. A traditional shading technique takes you from the
basic skill of sharpening pencils to rendering realistic leaves with a
Part 2: Super Shading with Squirkles
Try your hand at using line density, pencil grades, and pencil
pressure to squirkle value scales and smoothly flowing graduations.
Create a striped pattern and a bumpy texture, design and render five
three-dimensional forms, and draw a realistic human eye.
Part 3: Elementary Values with Hatching
Use basic hatching techniques to draw an impressionistic range of
mountains, create and add shading to an original abstract design, and
draw and shade five realistic ribbons of different values.
Part 4: Graduate to Hatching Graduations
Learn how burnishing smoothes out shading and a kneaded eraser pulls
out highlights. Use graduated hatching, atmospheric perspective, and a
shading map to draw a tranquil scene with a palm tree, island, and
Part 5: Contour Hatching Around Forms
Use contour hatching graduations to transform a circular shape and a
segment of a sphere into three-dimensional forms. Then, add shading to
a tulip, render the texture of realistic hair, and draw the forms of a
young child's face and hair.
Part 6: Smooth Out Shading with Blending
Learn how to blend a smooth three-dimensional cartoon face, a
realistic white egg on a white surface, and a sphere with a shiny
surface. Then, create two highly realistic masterpieces: a fresh,
shiny Macintosh apple and the smooth, delicate petals of a beautiful